Baseline Draft Report cash-for-work project

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Baseline Draft Report cash-for-work project

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Executive Summary

This report is a baseline survey for emergency livelihood through Cash for Work project targeting 2250, (75% women and 25% youth), 70% refugees and 30% host community beneficiaries implemented by Living Earth Uganda in partnership with UNDP, funded by central emergency response fund. The project is being implemented in Imvepi refugee settlement, covering zone 2 and 3 of refugee settlement and 4 parishes of Odupi sub county host communities in Arua and Palorinya refugee settlement zone 3 East and West of the settlement and 3 parishes of Itula sub county host communities in Moyo district. It details the background and purpose of the survey, the methodology employed, the findings and discussion, conclusions and recommendations. The overall project objective is to provide emergency livelihood support to 2,250 refugees and hosting community members in target areas.

The methodology; The PDM/evaluation survey was a cross-sectional that used mixed research approaches involving quantitative and qualitative methods. The survey adopted a 4 way mixed approach method of household interviews, key informant interviews, focus group discussions and observations to collect data

The findings shows a few socio-demographic characteristics to describe the target population in Arua and Moyo districts and results indicates that majority (59.5% and 77.3%) of the respondents were females for Arua and Moyo respectively while only 40.5% and 22.7% were for males in the two study areas. The households total monthly income indicated over eighty six (86.2% and 81.5%) percent for Arua and Moyo respectively earns less than 50,000 Uganda shillings per monthly and is possibly because majority of respondents were refugees with limited or no activities to generate income for the households.

The findings shows a few socio-demographic characteristics to describe the target population in Arua and Moyo districts and results indicates that majority (59.5% and 77.3%) of the respondents were females for Arua and Moyo respectively while only 40.5% and 22.7% were for males in the two study areas. The households total monthly income indicated over eighty six (86.2% and 81.5%) percent for Arua and Moyo respectively earns less than 50,000 Uganda shillings per monthly and is possibly because majority of respondents were refugees with limited or no activities to generate income for the households. The most prominent major source of income by the respondents were Assistance from UN bodies and development partners (NGOs) as well as work/employment in both of the two districts however close to sixty (59.2%) percent were getting assistance from UN bodies and development partners (NGOs) similar to thirty four (34%) of the same in Moyo. When it came to subsistence work/small business sixty six (66%) percent were for Moyo compared to 29.6% for Arua. It was reported that on average across the two districts, seventy four (74%) percent of the households do not belong to any VSLA and over eighty six (86.9%) in Arua don’t belong to VSLA whereas it is sixty one (61%) percent of the households in Moyo district. They said that in refugee camps and host communities there is lack of what to save since there are limited income generating activities where they could earn money and save.

On cross cutting advocacy, only 19.9% of the respondents didn’t know about Causes of HIV/AIDS in Arua district. While in Moyo, it is over fifty seven (57.9%) percent of the respondents an evidence of HIV and AIDS high risk of transmission. Gender issues, there was evidence of close to twenty seven(26.6%) of the respondents experiencing gender based violence in their homes in Arua and in Moyo close to sixty five (64.7%) percent of the respondents had not experienced GBV in their homes compared to 35.3% of the respondents who had experienced gender based violence in their homes. The results indicate that 44.5% in Arua have been sensitized and only 11.5% of the respondents in Moyo. The respondents suggested the mitigating measures that includes, creating awareness in the community, empowering justice committees within the refugee settlement and host communities.First Aid results indicated that only 16% of the respondents had been trained about First Aid compared to 84% of the respondents that have not been sensitized about First Aid, In Moyo only 19.6% had been trained in Arua compared to 80.4% who indicated that they had not been trained on First Aid.

Lastly, the environmental challenges affecting the community results shows over eighty four (84.4%) percent of respondents in Arua compared to 67.5% in Moyo are affected by environmental challenges. They suggested tree planting along the roads, creating green belts within the settlement, conducting awareness campaign to community members, engaging the host community and encourage them to plant trees, promote distribution of free seedlings to people willing people interested to plant trees, enforce total burning of bricks in refugee settlement and host community. It was observed that in less than three years, the cost of firewood will be more than the cost of food due to failure to plan for tree planting.

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